BAKUNTS Aksel (Armenian: Ակսել Բակունց, Alexander Tevosyan) was born on June 13, 1899 in Goris. He was an Armenian writer, philologist, translator and screenwriter. He finished parochial school of Goris (1910), Gevorgyan Seminary of Echmiadzin Panos Terlemezian, "The Portrait of Aksel Bakunts" (1932).(1917), Agricultural Institute of Kharkov (1923). Bakunts participated in the liberation struggle of the Armenian people with the volunteer groups in Erzrum, Kars, and Sardarapat. 1924-26 Bakunts was the head of the department of agriculture of Zangezur province. 

1923-25 the series of collection of essays “In our Villages”, “Provincial Letters”, “Letters from Village” were published in journals “Martakoch” (Tiflis) and “Soviet Armenia”. The most famous work is the collection “The Dark Valley” (Mtnadzor, Մթնաձոր) (“Alpine violet”, "Tall Markar", “Mirhav”, “The Modest Girl” “On Mount Ayu's Slope”, “The Evil of Mtnadzor”, etc). The satirical novel “Hovnatan March” was published in 1927, the collection “Sowers of Black Fields” was published in 1933 (“A letter to the Russian czar”, “The White Horse”, “The Potter's Son”, “Sowers of Black Fields”, etc.)

Bakunts depicted nature, simplicity and soul beauty of the Armenian peasants, the inner qualities of the working man in his short stories. 

In 1935 the collection of essays “Rain”, book "The Walnut Trees of Brotherhood" whichEduard Isabekyan, "Aksel bakunts". includes satirical novel “Kyores” that depicts the everyday life of that provincial town. The works “Khachatur Abovyan”, “Karmraqar” “Son of thunder” were left unfinished. Films “Under Black Wings” (1930), “Tragedy on Aragats” (1931), “Zangezur” (1936) were shot based on the scenarios of Bakunts. 

One of the most remarkable philological works of Bakunts is the study of “Unknown Absence” of  Khachatur Abovyan” (1932). Bakunts did many translations too. He transferred into Ashkharabar (Arm: Աշխարհաբար, New Armenian language) collection of medieval fables “Foxbook” (Arm: Աղվեսագիրք, Aghvesagirq) (1935):

Bakunts enriched the Armenian literature with the samples of classical stories and novels, with style that reflects the national aesthetic thinking. 

Bakunts was arbitrarily imprisoned, and the circumstances of his death are unknown. He died on July 7, 1937.  A. Bakunts was posthumously acquitted. 


Source - "Who is Who. The Armenians" Encyclopedia, Volume I, chief-editor Hovh. Ayvazyan, Yerevan, 2007.

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